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Chapter 6: Treatment of Skin Diseases
A. Topical therapies

a. Vehicles for topical agents
1. Ointments
1) Oleaginous ointments
2) Emulsified ointments
2. Creams
3. Lotions
1) Emulsive lotions
2) Shake lotions
3) Other topical agents
4. Gels
5. Powders
6. Liniments
7. Pastes
8. Plasters
9. Other vehicles for topical agents

b. Main topical agents
1. Corticosteroids (steroid)
2. Immunosuppressants
3. Antifungal agents
4. Antibiotics
5. Vitamin D analogues
6. Urea
7. Zinc oxide
8. Sulfur, Resorcinol
9. Salicylic acid
10. Phenol
11. Tars
12. Other agents

c. Application

B. Systemic treatments

1. Antihistamines
2. Corticosteroids
3. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), analgesics, antipyretics and other anti-inflammatory drugs
4. Immunosuppressants
5. Antifungal agents
6. Antibiotics
7. Antiviral agents
8. Retinoids
9. DDS (4,4’-diamino-diphenyl-sulfone, diaphenylsulfone)
10. Vitamin preparations
11. Anticancer agents
12. Biologic (molecular-targeted) therapies

C. Laser therapies

1. Basics and theory of laser therapy
2. Laser therapy on pigmented skin lesions
3. Dye lasers for vascular lesions

D. Physical therapies

1. Phototherapies
1) Ultraviolet (UV) light
2) Infrared (IR) irradiation
2. Radiotherapy
1) Electron beams
2) Soft X-rays
3. Cryotherapy, Cryosurgery
4. Thermotherapy, Hyperthermia
5. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy

E. Skin surgery

1. Excision and suturing
2. Skin graft
3. Dermabrasion, Skin abrasion
4. Chemical peeling
5. Electrosurgery, Iontophoresis
6. Laser knife

Contents TOP
Author Profile
Structure and
Function of the Skin
Histopathology of the Skin
Immunology of the Skin
Skin Lesions
Diagnosis of Skin Diseases
Treatment of Skin Diseases
Eczema and Dermatitis
Urticaria, Prurigo and Pruritus
Erythema, Erythroderma
(Exfoliative Dermatitis)
Drug-Induced Skin Reactions
and GVHD
Vasculitis, Purpura and
Other Vascular Diseases
Collagen Diseases
Physiochemical Injury and
Photosensitive Diseases
Blistering and Pustular Diseases
Disorders of Abnormal Keratinization
Disorders of Skin Color
Metabolic Disorders
Disorders of the Dermis and Subcutaneous Fat
Disorders of the Skin Appendages
Nevus and Neurocutaneous Syndrome
Benign Skin Tumors
Malignant Skin Tumors and Melanomas
Viral Infections
Bacterial Infections
Fungal Diseases
Mycobacterial Infections
Sexually Transmitted
Skin Diseases Caused by Arthropods and Other Noxious Animals
Genodermatoses: Genetic Counseling and Prenatal Diagnosis
Dermoscopy: Appendix