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Chapter 5: Diagnosis of Skin Diseases

1. General diagnostic methods
1) History-taking
2) Inspection and palpation
3) Olfactory examination

2. Photosensitivity test
1) Photo test
2) Photo-patch test
3) Photo-drug test

3. Allergy test
1) Patch test
2) Scratch test
3) Intracutaneous (type I allergy test, type IV allergy test)
4) Drug-induced lymphocyte stimulation test (DLST)
5) Drug challenge test

4. Skin function test
1) Measurement of skin temperature and thermography
2) Transepidermal water loss (TEWL)
3) Skin capillary resistance test

5. Fungal examination
6. Dermoscopy
7. Diascopy
8. Needle reaction test
9. Wood’s lamp test
10. Cytological diagnosis (Tzanck test)
11. Dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) test
12. Dermographism
13. Darier’s sign
14. Sensory test
15. Nikolsky phenomenon
16. Köbner phenomenon
17. Auspitz phenomenon
18. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
19. Western blot
20. Diagnostic imaging
21. General internal medical tests
22. DNA analysis

Contents TOP
Author Profile
Structure and
Function of the Skin
Histopathology of the Skin
Immunology of the Skin
Skin Lesions
Diagnosis of Skin Diseases
Treatment of Skin Diseases
Eczema and Dermatitis
Urticaria, Prurigo and Pruritus
Erythema, Erythroderma
(Exfoliative Dermatitis)
Drug-Induced Skin Reactions
and GVHD
Vasculitis, Purpura and
Other Vascular Diseases
Collagen Diseases
Physiochemical Injury and
Photosensitive Diseases
Blistering and Pustular Diseases
Disorders of Abnormal Keratinization
Disorders of Skin Color
Metabolic Disorders
Disorders of the Dermis and Subcutaneous Fat
Disorders of the Skin Appendages
Nevus and Neurocutaneous Syndrome
Benign Skin Tumors
Malignant Skin Tumors and Melanomas
Viral Infections
Bacterial Infections
Fungal Diseases
Mycobacterial Infections
Sexually Transmitted
Skin Diseases Caused by Arthropods and Other Noxious Animals
Genodermatoses: Genetic Counseling and Prenatal Diagnosis
Dermoscopy: Appendix